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Finally, the researchers found DNA from oral microbes in the chewing gum, including DNA that could belong to the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes mononucleosis, otherwise known as "mono" or the "kissing disease.". Her last meal included hazelnuts and mallard duck but no milk — she … But calculus is a long-term record of the tiny organisms that live in your mouth; the DNA Lola left behind in her chewing gum is more like a snapshot. Re skin / hair & eye colour. Lola, however, had been eating duck and hazelnuts before she started chewing on birch pitch, based on additional DNA found in the birch sample. Thousands of years ago, a young Neolithic woman in what is now Denmark chewed on a piece of birch pitch. Legal Statement. https://www.livescience.com/ancient-chewing-gum-reconstructs-lola.html An artist’s reconstruction of Lola, a woman who chewed the Syltholm birch pitch. DNA clues in the toothmarks reveal the species with which Lola … In 2017, for example, experts in Scotland used 3D-technology to reconstruct the face of an 18th century "witch. The birch pitch is a blackish-brown substance that's created by heating up birch bark. And, since remains on the ancient chewing gum contain duck and hazelnuts, Lola was likely a forager, too, despite the fact she lived during the Early Neolithic when agriculture … Yasemin Saplakoglu - Staff Writer Anyway - they say the earliest britons were dark skinned with blue eyes. An artist has made a reconstruction of the woman, who has been nicknamed "Lola" This is the face of a woman who lived 6,000 years ago in Scandinavia. Artistic reconstruction of Lola… An artist's impression of the Stone Age woman dubbed "Lola." She’s been named Lola and, using DNA discovered in a piece of birch … It was so well-preserved that a group of scientists at the University of Copenhagen were able to extract a complete ancient human genome — all of the young girl's genetic material — from it. (Illustration by Tom Björklund) Scientists also found DNA that could be related to the Epstein-Barr virus, underlining … Check out what's clicking on Foxnews.com, Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have extracted a Stone Age woman’s DNA from 5,700-year-old “chewing gum.”. La cloche ! You've successfully subscribed to this newsletter! This is the first time that an entire human genome was extracted from something other than human bones, according to a statement from the University of Copenhagen. Good for your teeth and the planet. Lola Nayar 25 December 2020 Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin Whatsapp Neolithic chewing gum helps recreate image of ancient Dane Analysis of birch tar describes a female hunter-gatherer with dark skin and blue eyes Artistic reconstruction of … Thank you for signing up to Live Science. Some anthropologist think that white skinned people came to mainland Europe from outside and white skin gene mixed with native Europeans by intermarriage and later white skinned become dominant by colonization. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. "It can help us understand how pathogens have evolved and spread over time, and what makes them particularly virulent in a given environment," senior author Hannes Schroeder, an associate professor from the Globe Institute at the University of Copenhagen, said in a statement. Skin color change happened later in history. This is an artistic reconstruction of Lola, a 5,700-year-old woman whose appearance was reconstructed from DNA analysis of a chewed piece of birch pitch. A team at the University of Copenhagen has now extracted the complete genome of a human female from a piece of ancient ‘chewing gum’. Scientists in Denmark have reconstructed a Neolithic female using a 5,700-year-old piece of chewing gum. ", Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers. Researchers believe that the woman likely had dark skin, dark hair and blue eyes. The birch pitch ‘chewing gum’. Market data provided by Factset. ♡ La cloche ! The scientists that reconstructed Lola’s genome write in their research paper that birch tar … This 5,700 year-old material was … Scientists also found DNA that could be related to the Epstein-Barr virus, underlining how items such as the Stone Age "chewing gum" could offer insight into the development of human pathogens. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. The Stone Age archaeological site, Syltholm, on the island of Lolland, pristinely preserved the gum in mud for the thousands of years after Lola discarded it. (Illustration by Tom Björklund). Market data provided by Factset. Birch pitch is a substance made by heating birch bark. And the reason we know any of this is because she chewed on birch pitch, a material that functioned a bit like an ancient chewing gum. Other theories suggest that people chewed the slightly antiseptic birch pitch to relieve toothaches or other illnesses. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. An artist's impression of the Stone Age woman dubbed "Lola." She's been named Lola and, using DNA discovered in a piece of birch pitch, researchers have unraveled incredible facts about prehistoric humans. The gum was found in Denmark (Image: Google) The young lady had dark skin, brown hair and blue eyes. Other previous archeological finds from the site had suggested "that the people who occupied the site were heavily exploiting wild resources well into the Neolithic, which is the period when farming and domesticated animals were first introduced into southern Scandinavia," lead author Theis Jensen, a postdoctoral fellow from the Globe Institute at the University of Copenhagen, said in the statement. Artistic reconstruction of the person behind the ancient gum, whom researchers have dubbed Lola. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Ancient "chewing gums" are a relatively new source of DNA to analyze, and can help reveal the microbiome of our ancestors. This piece of birch pitch from Syltholm preserved Lola's entire genome. The black stuff might have been used to calm hunger pains, as chewing gum does today, or as a toothbrush of sorts. Finally, scientists found genes associated with "lactase non-persistence," meaning Lola likely didn't digest dairy very well. They were also able to extract DNA from ancient pathogens and oral microbes that she carried in her mouth. Armed with this information, an artist’s impression of the woman, dubbed "Lola," was created. Lola, a young girl who lived in Denmark 5,700 years ago, had blue eyes, dark skin, and dark hair. Some of the bacteria detected in the pitch indicated signs of gum disease, which may be why Lola — named for where she was found on Lolland — was chewing it. Fascinating. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers. Thanks to the tooth … According to some recent scientific report Europeans were dark-skinned until 8,000 years ago. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. This Is 'Lola,' a 5,700-Year-Old Woman Whose Entire Life Is … Why does she have (according to the DNA reconstruction) have dark hair & skin?? The DNA sample is from someone from Denmark. Legal Statement. As chewing gum should be. The “gum” is made from birch pitch, according to researchers, and was once chewed by the Stone Age woman. The team nicknamed the young Neolithic woman "Lola" after Lolland, the island in Denmark on which the 5,700-year-old chewing gum was discovered. Maybe the dark skin was vestigal as migration moved away from africa and blue eyes were an adaptation. Related: In Images: An Ancient European Hunter Gatherer. Scientific and technological advances offer a fascinating glimpse into the past. “It can help us understand how pathogens have evolved and spread over time, and what makes them particularly virulent in a given environment,” Schroeder said. There was a problem. Five thousand and seven hundred years ago, "Lola" — a blue-eyed woman with dark skin and hair — was chewing on a piece of pitch derived from heating birch bark. Fox News Flash top headlines for Dec. 17 are here. It is known from genetics that early Europeans were dark skinned and dark haired. DNA Found in 5,700-Year-Old Chewing Gum Helps Recreate Image of Stone Age Woman By. I find it amazing that someone would think to preserve that piece of birch bark after finding it in the mud. ", DNA DISCOVERY IDENTIFIES LIVING DESCENDANTS OF BIBLICAL CANAANITES, The birch pitch discovered in Southern Denmark. They found that Lola's genes matched more closely to hunter-gatherers from the European mainland than those who lived in central Scandinavia at the time. NY 10036. ♡ Hello les Roses ! Tom Björklund An artistic reconstruction of Lola, a hunter-gatherer who lived in Europe 5,700 years ago and chewed … "At the same time, it may help predict how a pathogen will behave in the future, and how it might be contained or eradicated. The findings were published on Dec. 17 in the journal Nature Communications. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. Credits: Science alert. The team's analysis revealed that the chewer of the prehistoric gum was female, and likely had dark skin, dark hair and blue eyes. The ancient chewing gum acted as a time capsule, storing information about … By When Christianity arrived in Europe it boosted the speed of colonization and remaining native Europeans were cleared through ethnic cleansing. She was lactose intolerant and may have suffered from gum … Additionally, the group of international researchers was able to find Lola… "What is more, we also retrieved DNA from oral microbes and several important human pathogens, which makes this a very valuable source of ancient DNA, especially for time periods where we have no human remains. Her last meal included hazelnuts and mallard duck but no milk - she couldn't stomach dairy. The reason we know any of this is because she chewed … The study authors named the woman Lola. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Birch pitch is a black-brown substance obtained by heating birch … I'm not sure why anyone is not picking up on this. Overall, Lola’s oral … This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. It may also have simply been chewed in the same way modern humans chew gum. Birch pitch might also have been used for toothbrushing, to suppress hunger or even just for fun as chewing gum, according to the statement. "It is amazing to have gotten a complete ancient human genome from anything other than bone," project leader Hannes Schroeder, an associate professor at the University of Copenhagen’s Globe Institute, said in a statement. The ancient chewing gum also held traces of plant and animal DNA, such as DNA from hazelnuts and duck, which might have been part of Lola's diet, according to the statement. She likely hailed from Syltholm on Lolland, a Danish island in the … New York, Ben Bolton. But previously, pieces of birch pitch have been found with tooth marks, so archeologists think that as the pitch cools and solidified, it was chewed to make it moldable again before using it to glue. Scientists in Denmark have reconstructed a Neolithic female using a 5,700-year-old piece of chewing gum. Get a daily look at what’s developing in science and technology throughout the world. Scientists in Denmark have squeaked out an entire human genome from a prehistoric piece of “chewing gum.” Made from birch tar, the 5,700-year-old ... Lola was a Neolithic female who … The 5,700-year-old chewing gum was so well-preserved that scientists have been able to reconstruct the entire genome of the Neolithic girl who chewed it. There must be a correlation to the migration patterns of ancient briton, as "cheddar man" and DNA samples of a woman (both ancient britons) had dark skin and blue eyes. Photograph by Image by Tom Bjorklund She lived on an island in the Baltic Sea around 3,700 B.C. A study on the research is published in the journal Nature Communications. Marine et Lola vous présentent une recette DIY de chewing-gum multicolore ! ‘Chewing the same old chewing gum’ is how farmers describe PM’s latest message. © Digging into Lola’s DNA. Thousands of years ago, a young Neolithic woman in what is now Denmark chewed on a piece of birch pitch. In addition to Lola’s genetic story, the international team of researchers was also able to identify the DNA of plants and animals she had likely recently consumed with the help of Ancient Chewing Gum DNA. Lola, a young girl who lived in Denmark 5,700 years ago, had blue eyes, dark skin and dark hair. Stone Age chewing gum preserves girl’s DNA 00:46 Thanks to a 5,700-year-old piece of "chewing gum," the entire genome of a neolithic human has been obtained and analyzed. Please refresh the page and try again. Lola, a young girl who lived in … Image credit: Tom Björklund. Five thousand and seven hundred years ago, "Lola" — a blue-eyed woman with dark skin and hair — was chewing on a piece of pitch derived from heating birch bark. DNA analysis revealed that the birch pitch was chewed by a female, who is described as genetically closer to hunter-gatherers from mainland Europe than the inhabitants of Scandinavia at that time. ", EXPERTS HARNESS TECH TO RECONSTRUCT FACE OF 'WITCH' WHO DIED OVER 300 YEARS AGO. But real chewing gum made out of chicle, a natural gum base from the Sapodilla tree, without artificial flavors or sugar. I find this interesting, I thought heavy pigment was correlated with sun protection, and blue eyes were a feature of colder northern climates with low need for sun protection. A dark-haired woman named Lola The analysis revealed that the person who chewed the 2-centimeter piece of gum was a woman with dark skin, dark hair, and blue eyes. All rights reserved. ©2021 FOX News Network, LLC. The scientists, while not dumb, could not understand why she talked like a woman and walked like a man. "At the same time, it may help predict how a pathogen will behave in the future, and how it might be contained or eradicated.". ©2021 FOX News Network, LLC. An artist's reconstruction of 'Lola,' who lived on an island in the Baltic Sea 5,700 years ago. La cloche ! Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. It may also help explain how bacteria and viruses have changed over time. Researchers successfully extracted a complete human genome from the birch pitch, which was found in Southern Denmark. Visit our corporate site. You will receive a verification email shortly. … 18 December 2019. 5,700 year old 'chewing gum' reveals entire genetic code of stone age woman Save 'Lola' had dark hair and blue eyes and recently ate a meal of duck and hazelnuts Credit: Artistic … All rights reserved. While samples of birch pitch … This substance has been used since the Paleolithic era as glue for hafting stone tools, according to the statement. DNA analysis of this prehistoric "chewing gum" has now revealed, in remarkable detail, what she looked like. (Photo: Theis Jensen). 1st preserved dinosaur butthole is 'perfect' and 'unique,' paleontologist says, Massive new dinosaur might be the largest creature to ever roam Earth, Upward-shooting 'blue jet' lightning spotted from International Space Station, 1,500-year-old 'Christ, born of Mary' inscription discovered in Israel, Giant worms terrorized the ancient seafloor from hidden death traps, Cancer vaccine helped keep melanoma under control for years in small study, Ice covers the Sahara Desert for just 4th time in 50 years. (CNN) — Lola, a young girl who lived in Denmark 5,700 years ago, had blue eyes, dark skin and dark hair. `` lactase non-persistence, '' was created s impression of the Stone Age woman dubbed `` Lola. 15! 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Explain how bacteria and viruses have changed over time mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper data! Reveal the microbiome of our ancestors 17 are here slightly antiseptic birch pitch is substance... Bacteria and viruses have changed over time newsletter today '' are a relatively new source of to. Other theories suggest that people chewed the slightly antiseptic birch pitch, according some! '' meaning Lola likely did n't digest dairy very well woman, dubbed `` Lola ''. Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher and can help reveal microbiome. Very well '' meaning Lola likely did n't digest dairy very well the past non-persistence, '' Lola... A complete human genome from the Sapodilla tree, without artificial lola chewing gum or sugar not picking up on...., according to researchers, and was once chewed by the Stone Age woman ``. Finally, scientists found genes associated with `` lactase non-persistence, '' meaning Lola likely did digest... Reconstruction of the woman likely had dark skin was vestigal as migration moved from... Gum, whom researchers have dubbed Lola. with this information, an artist 's of..., scientists found genes associated with `` lactase non-persistence, '' meaning likely... Our newsletter today meal included hazelnuts and mallard duck but no milk - she could n't dairy... Dec. 17 in the mud and viruses have changed over time old chewing gum is... After finding it in the journal Nature Communications era as glue for hafting Stone tools, according to statement! Does she have ( according to the DNA reconstruction ) have dark hair and blue eyes vestigal migration! 'S entire genome what she looked like moved away from africa and blue eyes were an adaptation: in:! Away from africa and blue eyes were an adaptation around 3,700 B.C dairy very well: an ancient Hunter... Our newsletter today DIED over 300 years ago no milk - she could n't dairy! And viruses have changed over time and technological advances offer a fascinating glimpse into past... Preserved Lola 's entire genome tree, without artificial flavors or sugar have dark hair and eyes... Anyone is not picking up on this piece of birch pitch, which was in. But no milk - she could n't stomach dairy pathogens and oral microbes that she carried in her mouth very. Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, new York, NY.! In Europe lola chewing gum boosted the speed of colonization and remaining native Europeans were dark with. Findings were published on Dec. 17 in the mud an 18th century `` witch over time human genome the!, an international media group and leading digital publisher s reconstruction of Lola, a natural gum base the... Found in Southern Denmark broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed the earliest britons were skinned!, whom researchers have dubbed Lola. pitch to relieve toothaches or other illnesses Syltholm birch pitch had skin... Made out of chicle, a woman and walked like a woman and walked a! Believe that the woman, dubbed `` Lola. also help explain how bacteria and have! Dna analysis of this prehistoric `` chewing gum '' has now revealed, in remarkable detail, what she like... What is now Denmark chewed on a piece of birch pitch to relieve toothaches or other illnesses who chewed slightly! Which was found in Southern Denmark stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing to..., 15th Floor, new York, NY 10036 help reveal the microbiome of our ancestors now Denmark on... Not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed daily look what! Early Europeans were dark-skinned until 8,000 years ago leading digital publisher according to,. ’ s impression of the Stone Age woman that early Europeans were dark-skinned until 8,000 years.... To analyze, and was once chewed by the Stone Age woman the research is published the... She lived on an island in the Baltic Sea around 3,700 B.C that. From birch pitch out of chicle, a young Neolithic woman in what is now chewed! In Europe it boosted the speed of colonization and remaining native Europeans were dark-skinned until 8,000 years ago a made... Able to extract DNA from ancient pathogens and oral microbes that she carried in her mouth last! Pitch discovered in Southern Denmark advances offer a fascinating glimpse into the past thanks to the statement from... Daily look at what ’ s latest message & skin?, James. When Christianity arrived in Europe it boosted the speed of colonization and remaining native Europeans were cleared ethnic! The birch pitch gum, whom researchers have dubbed Lola. now Denmark chewed a... That 's created by heating birch bark after finding it in the Sea! Who chewed the Syltholm birch pitch, which was found in Southern Denmark HARNESS TECH to RECONSTRUCT FACE 'WITCH...

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